2NDREF GROUP MEETING
AUGUST2023
WATER RESEARCH COMMISSION
PROJECT: C2022/2023-00746
DISSEMINATION AND SCALING OF A DECISION
SUPPORT FRAMEWORK FOR CCA FOR
SMALLHOLDER FARMERS IN SOUTH AFRICA
OUTCOMES
AND
IMPACTS
Vertical and
horizontal integration
of this community-
based climate change
adaptation (CbCCA)
modeland process
lead to improved
water and
environmental
resources
management,
improved rural
livelihoods and
improved climate
resilience for
smallholder farmers
in communal tenure
areas of South Africa
1. Scaling outand scaling up of the Climate Resilient
Agriculture (CRA) frameworks and implementation
strategies lead to greater resilience and food security
for smallholder farmers in their locality.
2. Incorporation of the smallholder decision support
framework and CRA implementation into a range of
programmatic and institutional processes
3. Improved awareness and implementation of
appropriate agricultural and water management
practices and Community based Climate Change
Adaptation (CbCCA) in a range of bioclimatic and
institutional settings
4. Contribution of a robust Climate Change (CC)
resilience impact measurement tool for local, regional
and national monitoring processes.
4. Concrete examples and models for ownership and
management of local group-based water access and
infrastructure
NEW KNOWLEDGE CREATION REPORT
ITEMS
DESCRIPTION
1. (a) New knowledge to
be created by the
project
1.
Development and dissemination of a bespoke model for CbCCAacross multiple stakeholders including communities, civil society
and government.
2.
Development of evidence-based indicators for monitoring resilience impact.
3.
Development and promotion of new models and processes for community ownership of water access
4.
Provision of guidelines and handbooks for programming in local food systems development and effective smallholder
microfinance and enterprise development support.
(b) gap(s) to be filled
by thenew
knowledge?
Design and implementation of an overarching framework for CbCCA in South Africa
2. What product(s) will be
produced?
1.
Desk top review of South African policy, implementation frameworks and stakeholder platforms for CCA (Dec22, Aug23)
2.
Monitoring tool for multi stakeholder implementation platforms in CCA (In process Aug23)
3.
Guidelines for implementation of local food systems and marketing strategies
4.
Handbook for implementation of smallholder financial services (Feb23)
5.
RefinedCbCCAdecision support framework with updated databases and CRA practices
6.
Case studies: CbCCAimplementation and community ownership for water access and management
7.
Manual for implementation of successful multi stakeholder platforms in CbCCA
3. How innovative is the
new product
The first coherent process of this kind focused on smallholder farmers in South Africa
1. Who are the users and
beneficiaries?
multiple stakeholders (Government, AcademicInstitutions, NGOs, CSOs and community
-based CoPs)
1.
How do you know
that the users need the
products ofthis
project?
There is a dire need for coherent implementation of CC adaptation strategies and programs, whether this has been clearly arti
cul
ated
or not. South Africa has excellent policy documents and processes but lack coherent implementation approaches.
PROJECT TEAM
MAHLATHINIDEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION
(MDF): ERNA KRUGER, TEMAKHOLO
MATHEBULA, BETTY MAIMELA
STRATACT: NQEDLAMINI
ENVIRONMENTAL AND RURAL
SOLUTIONS(ERS):
NICKY MCCLEOD, SISSIE MATHELA
ASSOCIATION FOR WATER AND RURAL
DEVELOPMENT(AWARD):
DERRICK DU TOIT
INSTITUTE FOR NATURAL RESOURCES (INR):
BRIGID LETTY
MERL SPECIALIST:KAREN KOTSCHY
ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
There are a number of distinct outputs in this process with different team
members contributing to those:
Local level CoP’s: CRA learning groups expansion, new practices,
refinement (MDF and MPhil students)
Monitoring tool for multi stakeholder implementation platforms in CCA
(ERS,AWARD, MDF, MREL specialist)
Guidelines for implementation of local food systems and marketing
strategies (MDF)
Handbook for implementation of smallholder financial services
(Stratact)
Refined CbCCAdecision support framework with updated databases
and CRA practices (MDF +)
Case studies: CbCCAimplementation and community ownership for
water access and management (MPhil students, MDF)
Manual for implementation of successful multi stakeholder platforms in
CbCCA(ERS, INR, MDF)
PROJECT TEAM
DELIVERABLES 2022-2025
DELIVERABLES
No.
Deliverable Title
Description
Target Date
1
Desk top review for
CbCCAin South Africa
Desk top review of South African policy, implementation frameworks and
stakeholder platforms for CCA.
01/Aug/2022
2
Report: Monitoring framework, ratified by
multiple stakeholders
Exploration of appropriate monitoring tools to suite the contextual needs for
evidence
-based planning and implementation.
02/Dec/2022
3
Handbook on scenarios and options for
successful smallholder financial services
within the South Africa
Summarize VSLA interventions in SA, Govt and Non
-Govt and design best bet
implementation process for smallholder microfinance options.
28/Feb/2022
000,00
4
Development of CoPs and multi stakeholder
platforms
Design development parameters, roles and implementation frameworks for CoPs
at all levels, CRA learning groups,Innovation and multi stakeholder platforms;
within the
CbCCAframework.
04/Aug/2023
000,00
5
Report: Local food systems and marketing
strategies contextualized
- Guidelines for
implementation
Guidelines and case studiesfor building resilience in local food systems and local
marketing strategies towards sustainable local food systems (local value chain)
08/Dec/2023
000,00
6
Case studies: encouraging community ownership
of water and natural resources access and
management
Case studies (x3) towards providing an evidence base for encouraging community
ownership of natural resourcemanagement through bottom
-up approaches
28/Feb/2024
000,00
7
Case studies:
CbCCAimplementation in 3
different agroecological zones in SA
CbCCA
implementation case studies in 3 different agroecological zones within South
Africa
12/Aug/2024
000,00
8
Refined
CbCCA
decision support framework with
updated databases and CRA practices
Refined CbCCA DSS databaseand methodology with inclusion of further viable and
appropriate CRA practices
13/Dec/2024
000,00
9
Manual for implementation of successful
multistakeholder platformsin
CbCCA
Methodology and process manual forsuccessful multi stakeholder platform
development in
CbCCA
28/Feb/2025
000,00
10
Final Report
Final report: Summary of all findings, guidelines and case studies, learning and
recommendations
18/Aug/2025
(Feb 2026)
000,00
PROGRESS
3 Provinces,
6 areas,
25 learning groups,
515 participants
Multistakeholder platforms
-MESO AND MACRO
Communication and innovation
- MESO
Smallholder farmers in CRA learning
groups (LGs)
- MICRO
National Networks e.g. Adaptation
network, Agroecology Network
National organistions e.g., PGS-SA and
SAOSO
Regionalforums e.g.,WaterSourceAreas
forums (WWF) Livingcatchments Forums
(SANBI)
Cluster of LGs within and between areas
learn and implement CRA together
These clusters interact with external
stakeholders e.g., NGOs, Government
Departments, Local and District Municipalities,
traditional authorities and Water Service
authorities
Individual farmers in LGs learn and
implement CRA together
LG's set upotherinterest groups and
committees e.g., water committees, village
savings and loan associations, marketing
groups, livestock associations and resource
conservation agreements
3 IP events
(farmers’ days),
2 cross visits,
3 organisational
training events
1 Multi stakeholder
forum development,
2 National networks
CRA
learning
group
VSLAs
Marketing
committees
Water
committees
Livestock
associations
Youth
groups
CCA impact
assessments
Adaptive
strategies and
planning
Innovation and
practices
Implementation
Monitoring,
cyclical review
and evaluation
Government
departments
Traditionalauthority
Wardcommittees
Local Municipality
Business
community
Academia
Civil
Society
Innovation
platforms
clusters of LGs
Associations and
organisations
Multistakeholder
platforms
CRA learning groups: Process for development of social agency
VILLAGE LEARNING GROUPS
Description Activity
Establishing
learning
groups
atvillagelevel
Limpopo
: Sophaya, Madeira,Mayephu(Giyani)
Midlands
: Ndlaveleni,
Bergville
: Emadakaneni
Training
andmentoring
for
climate
resilientagriculture
Learning
themes:
-
Contouring,waterandsoilconservation
-
Towergardens
-
Microtunnelsanddripirrigation
-
Trenchbedsandmixedcropping
-
Poultryproduction
-
Naturalpestanddiseasecontrol
-
Conservationagriculture: intercropping,stripcropping,
short
season
maize,covercrops,fodderand
fodder
supplementation
-
Foddernutrientanalysisandplanning
Cyclical
implementation
for
LG
atlocallevel
CCA
reviewandplanningworkshops (13)
Garden
monitoring,poultrysupport,tunnelanddrip
kit
installations,
VSLAmonthlymeetings (25LGs)
Incomediversification
and
economic
empowerment
of
local
farmers(LGat
local
level)
Market
days: monthlyfarmersmarkets-Bamshela,
Bergville,
Creighton,
Wartburg,Hoedspruit
Market
explorationworkshops (5)
VSLA
introduction (3)
Youth
talatablevalueaddingtraining.
Small
businessdevelopmentsupportandlivelihoods
survey
(
50participants)
WATER ACCESS AND RESOURCE CONSERVATION
Implementation
of
sustainable
water
management
-
KZNBergville: Vimbukhalo, Stulwane(EFTEON,INR)
-
SKZN: Centocow
-
ECMatatiele: Nkau(ERS)
-
Limpopo:Giyani(GLSCRP)
COMMUNICATION AND INNOVATION
Implementation
and
capacity
development
for
innovation
(3)
and
multi
-stakeholder
platforms
(3)
RegenerativeAgricfarmers’day
in
Bergvilleincl. Assetresearch,
uThukela
WaterSourceForum,
uThukela
DevelopmentAgency
AdaptationNetwork: CCA
financing
dialogue
SANBI_Gendermainstreamingdialogue
WRC-ESS:Bgvl: Ezibomvini, Stulwane
resourcemanagementmapping
and
planning
Farmers Xvisitbetween
Bulwer
(supportedbytheINRandtheAN)
and
BergvillearoundCRA,fodder
and
restoration
PGS-SA:markettraininginput:
Online
trainingSession5
GiyaniLocalScaleClimate
resilience
Project: IntroductionofCCAmodel
and
localwatergovernanceoptions
AN-CSO-SEED-NGOand
community
traininginCCA
Maobane
(Hammanskraal)
UTHUKELA WATER SOURCE
FORUM
WWF_SA, INR,MDF, UKZN-
CWRR, WILDTRUST,
SAEON/EFTEON
MULTI
STAKEHOLDER
PLATFORMS
Social network structure
-Relational values
-Care ethics
-Core-periphery network
model
Adaptiveplanning
process
60 organisations,
112 stakeholders
MICROFINANCE HANDBOOK FOR SMALLHOLDER
FARMERS
PROBLEM: FINANCIAL EXCLUSION; AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES STRUGGLE TO
MAINSTREAM THE MICROFINANCE ASPECTS IN THEIR OFFERINGS
QUALITATIVE STUDY, EXAMINED MICROFINANCE OPTIONS AVAILABLE FOR SMALLHOLDER
FARMERSANDDREWLESSONSFORBROADERAPPLICATIONS
USED HUMAN-CENTRED DESIGN (HCD) TO EXAMINE DIFFERENT GROUP-BASEDFINANCIAL
SERVICES, IDENTIFY CHALLENGES AND DISSECT MICROFINANCE OPTIONS
DATAWAS GENERATED THROUGHIN-DEPTH INTERVIEWS FOLLOWED BY 7 FOCUS GROUP
DISCUSSIONS
Providers of
microfinance
services
Regulated
financial
institutions
Community-
based informal
financial
institutions
Development
Financial Institutions
(DFIs)
South African DFIs, e.g.
iThala Bank, DBSA, Land
Bank, SEFA
Commercial banks
and insurers
Micro-finance
Institutions (MFIs)
Financial co-ops
Micro-loan providers
SACCOs
Microfinance NGOs
Individual
providers
Indigenous
groups
Facilitated
groups
Money lenders
Shop owners
Families
Friends
Burial societies
Stokvels (ROCSAs &
ASCAs)
VSLAs
South African banks, e.g.
FNB, Nedbank, etc.
Financial
intermediaries
Agents
Franchises
Retailers
State regulated
Self-regulated
Figure 1showing providers of microfinance
services, adapted from Ledgerwood(2013)
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES AND QUESTIONS
TO UNDERSTAND LEARNINGS AND
PRACTICES OF RURAL COMMUNITIES
RESULTING FROM PARTICIPATING IN VSLAS.
TO EXAMINETHEIMPACTOFVSLASON
PARTICIPANTS’FINANCIALBEHAVIOURS
AND LIVELIHOODS COMPARED TO
STOKVELSOR OTHER MICROFINANCE
SERVICES AVAILABLE IN RURAL
COMMUNITIES.
TO EXPLOREMICROFINANCE OPTIONS
VSLAS PROVIDE TO SMALLHOLDER
FARMERS.
How internal and external perceptions
influence the operation of VSLAs?
TowhatextentdopracticesinVSLAs
contribute to better livelihoods?
Which collaborative learning
competencies describe VSLAs as
agents of learning, practice and
change?
Whatis the significance of VSLAs, and
what microfinance options do VSLAs
provide to smallholder farmers?
RESULTS AND ANALYSIS
THEMES RESPONDING TO RESEARCH QUESTIONS
SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE COMPETENCY: THE ABILITY OF PARTICIPANTS TO WORK WITH ONE
ANOTHER AS A UNIT IN MANAGING PERSONAL RELATIONS IN ORDER TO ACHIEVE SHARED GOALS
AND ASSOCIATED REWARDS
CULTURAL COMPETENCY: COMPETENCY ENCOMPASSES THE ABILITY OF GROUPS TO FACILITATE
COLLABORATIVE CULTURE AND APPRECIATION OF DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVESIN TAKING A COMMON
PATH
COLLABORATIVE LEARNING COMPETENCY: THE ABILITY OF PARTICIPANTS TO SUPPORT LEARNING
FROM EACH OTHER WITHIN THEIR GROUPS
KEY FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
KEY FINDING
COMMUNITIES TEND TO EMBRACE VSLA METHODOLOGY BECAUSE IT BUILDS ON WHAT
PEOPLE ALREADY KNOWAND WANT TO DO
RECOMMENDATIONS
INVESTIGATE OPTIONS FOR BULKING VSLA LOANS TO CATER FOR LARGER PRODUCTION
LOANS; AND/ LONG TERM FUNDING IS REQUIRED TO FACILITATE THIS TRANSITION
EMBRACE PHASED APPROACH AND PROMOTE VSLAS AS A LEARNING PLATFORMS
NQE DLAMINI- PHD
Learning values through participation in savings groups in Kwazulu-Natal: An afrocentric
case study. UKZN_Deptof Education (reg:Feb2022)
TEMAKHOLO MATHEBULA MPHIL
The Role of the Social and Solidarity Economy in Strengthening Climate Resilient Agriculture
(CRA) Adoption in Smallholder Farming Systems in KwaZulu-Natal. UKZN-Dept of Food
Security (reg: Still in progress)
CAPACITY BUILDING
NQEDLAMINI_PH.DSTUDY, ADULT EDUCATION,
UKZN
TITLE: LEARNING VALUES THROUGH PARTICIPATION IN SAVINGS GROUPS IN KWAZULU-NATAL: AN
AFROCENTRIC CASE STUDY
PROBLEM: USERS OF SAVINGS GROUPS MAY NOT BE AWARE THAT THEY LEARN WHILE THEY
PARTICIPATEINTHEIRGROUPS.THEREISAPOSSIBILITYTHATUSERSUNKNOWINGLY RESOLVE THE
TENSIONS BETWEEN EUROCENTRIC VALUES AND AFROCENTRIC VALUES WHILETHEY PARTICIPATE IN
THEIR GROUPS.
PURPOSE: TO EXPLORE/UNDERSTAND WHATVALUESPEOPLELEARN THROUGH PARTICIPATION IN
SAVINGS GROUPS AND HOW THEY LEARN THESE, AND HOW PEOPLE NAVIGATEPOSSIBLE TENSIONS
BETWEEN EUROCENTRIC VALUES AND AFROCENTRIC VALUES.
OBJECTIVES:(1) TO EXPLORE WHAT VALUES PEOPLE LEARN THROUGH PARTICIPATING INSAVINGS
GROUPS; (2) TO UNDERSTAND HOW PEOPLE LEARN THESE VALUES; (3) TO UNDERSTAND HOW
PEOPLE NAVIGATE POSSIBLE TENSIONS BETWEEN EUROCENTRIC AND AFROCENTRIC VALUES
DATACOLLECTION:SCHEDULED TO COMMENCE IN FEB 2024
PGS-SA: development of
markets- local farmers’
markets online training
course (National)
SANBI-Gender
mainstreaming
case study:
National
dialogue
Youth Tala table
Network Value adding
training (Sekororo-
Limpopo)
KNOWLEDGE DISSEMINATION
WorkplanAugust
-December 2023
Deliverable
no
Team
members
Activities
Aug
-23
Sep
-23
Oct
-23
Nov
-23
Dec
-
23
Submission
5. Food
systems
guidelines
and case
studies
MDF: Erna Kruger, Temakholo
Mathebula, Mazwi Dlamini,
Betty Maimela,
NqeDlamini
COPs: Continue with village level CRA learning groups
in KZN, EC and Limpopo engaged
develop case
study framework and conduct interviews
2023/12/08
Undertake annual review sessions for field cropping.
Undertake further interventions in multipurpose poultry
and conduct interviews.
Finalise small business development and livelihoods
surveys
MDF: Erna Kruger INR: Brigid
Letty
COPs: Multistakeholder forums: uThukela water source
partnership
MDF: Erna Kruger, Temakholo
Mathebula
, Betty Maimela
Develop monitoring framework and indicators
pilot
M&E process in selected learning groups
KarenKotschy
MDF
: ErnaKruger,
Betty
Maimela
Networks
workinggroups:
Adaptation Network
- capacity development, gender
mainstreaming
PCC
Adaptation and Monitoring and evaluation
working groups
PGSSA
-
Certification and farmer inputs
CA forum.
THANK YOU